Accident Deaths in India


  • Total 3,57,021 accidental deaths in the country during the year 2009.
  • A total of 6,47,904 cases of ‘Un-Natural Accidents’ caused 3,34,766 deaths and rendered
  • 4,96,190 people injured during 2009.
  • Male Female Victim Ratio — 77:23.
  • 4.3% increase in Accidental Deaths was reported over the previous year.
  • 7.2% decrease in deaths by causes attributable to nature.
  • 5.2% increase in deaths by un-natural causes.
  • Maharashtra accounting for 9.3% of country’s population has reported almost one sixth (17.5%) of accidental deaths due to unnatural causes. Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Naduaccounting for 6.1% and 5.7% respectively of the country’s population have reported 9.8% and 8.6% respectively of such deaths.
  • Males out-numbered females in all kinds of accidental casualties due to unnatural causes at the National level except ‘Fire Accidents’ (where 57.5% of those killed were females as compared to 42.5% males).
  • The major un-natural causes of Accidental Deaths were (i) Road Accidents (37.9%), (ii) Railway  Accidents and Rail-Road Accidents (7.8%), (iii) Poisoning (8.0%), (iv) Drowning (7.7%), (v) Sudden Deaths (7.4%) and (vi) Fire Accidents (7.0%).
  • A total of 4,51,283 ‘Traffic Accidents’ were reported during the year comprising 4,21,628 ‘Road Accidents’, 2,080 ‘Rail-Road Accidents’ and 27,575 ‘Other Railway Accidents’. It is observed that the rate of deaths per thousand vehicles has decreased from 1.5 in 2005 to 1.4 in 2009.
  • Deaths in ‘Road Accidents’ in the country have increased by 7.3% during 2009 compared to 2008.
  • 20.7% victims of Road Accidents were occupants of ’Two Wheelers’.
  • Rate of Accidental Deaths per thousand vehicles was highest in Arunachal Pradesh at 5.7 followed by Sikkim at 4.0.
  • The month-wise distribution of ‘Road Accidents’ has shown maximum number of accidents during May (38,928) and June (36,234) and least in the month of July (32,897).
  • Maximum ‘Road Accidents’ (66,835) were reported during 3 p.m. to 6 p.m.
  • Maximum ‘Rail-Road Accidents’ occurred during the months of June (197) and January(187).
  • The maximum number of ‘Other Railway Accidents’ were reported during the months of June (2,553), August (2,495) and September (2,494).
  • Tamil Nadu has reported maximum number (60,794) of Road accidents accounting for 14.4% of such accidents in the country. Uttar Pradesh has reported 1,262 cases (60.7%) of Rail-Road accidents and Maharashtra has reported 8,226 cases (29.8%) of other Railway accidents.
  • The share of accidental deaths due to causes attributable to Nature has decreased from 7.0% in 2008 to 6.2% in 2009.
  • No deaths due to causes attributable to Nature have been reported from A & N Islands, Chandigarh, Lakshadweep and Puducherry.
  • 9.5% victims of accidental deaths attributable to nature were due to Lightning.
  • Only 0.3% victims of accidental deaths attributable to nature were due to Epidemic.
  • Children’s population (up to 14 years age) as per census 2001 was 30.4% of the total population; accidental deaths of children accounted for 6.4% of total such deaths.
  • Most of the victims of accidents were aged between 15 to 44 years. This group of people has accounted for nearly two-third (60.7%) of all persons killed in accidents in the country during the year.
  • Puducherry has reported highest rate of accidental deaths, reporting 88.1 deaths per lakh population as compared to National average of 30.5.
  • 74.3% (208 out of 280) deaths attributable to nature in Chhattisgarh were due to Lightning and 78.1% (50 out of 64) deaths due to un-natural causes in Nagaland were due to Road Accidents alone.
  • Lakshadweep has reported a major increase of 166.7% (3 deaths in 2008 to 8 deaths in 2009) followed by Sikkim (116 deaths in 2008 to 222 deaths in 2009 i.e. an increase of 91.4%) while Nagaland has shown a decline of 68.3% (230 in 2008 to 73 in 2009) during 2009.
  • The lowest accidental death rate was reported from Nagaland (3.3).
  • ‘Accidental Death’ rate was highest in Pune (90.0) among cities.
  • Bhopal city has reported 324.2% increase in accidental deaths (from 248 in 2008 to 1,052 in 2009).
  • Delhi city among 35 mega cities has reported the highest number of deaths by causes attributable to Nature (47.1%) followed by Hyderabad (15.0%).
  • All natural accidental deaths in Lucknow and Surat were due to ‘Cold and Exposure’.
  • In Lucknow and Agra 94.6% and 80.6% respectively of total un-natural accidental deaths were due to ‘Road Accidents’ alone.
  • Delhi city accounted for 25.1% deaths of bicycle riders, 18.8% deaths of pedestrians, 16.6% deaths of two-wheeler riders and 9.2% deaths of three-wheeler riders in 35 mega cities.
  • Kolkata, the second largest city in terms of population (12.3% of the population of all mega cities) among 35 cities after Mumbai (15.2%), reported accidental death rate of 6.3 as compared to 52.3 reported by Mumbai.

Source: Accidental Deaths and Suicides Death in India 2009 Report by NCRB

1 reply on “Accident Deaths in India”

I found this information very educative and beneficial. Its a mirror to our living pattern. See in Kolkata where people are easy going and peaceful and almost always at ease are safe, look Mumbai where everyone seems to be in hurry pays the price ,with his precious life.
Thank you

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